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The Unknown Role of Victor Hugo

Updated: Jun 13, 2021


Upon their first contact with Cao Đài, many friends often wonder why Victor Hugo is venerated in the Religion. His image catches their first sights on entering any Cao Đài temple, along with those of two other Saints on a heavenly looking painting in a space called Tịnh Tâm Điện (Serenity Hall). Some may quickly assume that the painting is there to welcome or calm visitors' minds. In reality, it is neither a decorative painting nor a welcome message. What it conveys carries a much more profound and universal implication on Mankind. The three Saints were signing a Covenant on behalf of Mankind with Heaven. Written in French and Chinese, the letters mean: "God and Human